Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI)

The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) (Word Doc)

Scoring Instructions for the ZTPI (Word Doc)

Prisoners of Time: Report of the National Education Commission on Time and Learning

Selected articles using the ZTPI

Putting time in perspective: A valid, reliable individual-differences metric. By Zimbardo, Philip G.; Boyd, John N. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1999 Dec Vol 77(6) 1271-1288

Who’s smoking, drinking, and using drugs? Time perspective as a predictor of substance useBy Keough, Kelli A.; Zimbardo, Philip G.; Boyd, John N. Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 1999 Jun Vol 21(2) 149-164.

Present time perspective as a predictor of risky driving. By Zimbardo, Philip G.; Keough, Kelli A.; Boyd, John N. Personality and Individual Differences. 1997 Dec Vol 23(6) 1007-1023.

Time Perspective, Health, and Risk Taking. By Boyd, John N.; Zimbardo, Philip G. Strathman, Alan (Ed); Joireman, Jeff (Ed). Understanding behavior in the context of time: Theory, research, and application. (pp. 85-107). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers (2005) xix, 356 pp.

Constructing Time After Death: The Transcendental-Future Time Perspective. By Boyd, John N.; Zimbardo, Philip G. Storm, Lance (Ed); Thalbourne, Michael A. (Ed). The survival of human consciousness: Essays on the possibility of life after death. (pp. 107-126). Jefferson, NC, US: McFarland & Co (2006) viii, 311 pp.

Participant Self-Selection Biases as a Function of Individual Differences in Time Perspective. By Harber, Kent D, Zimbardo; Philip G; Boyd, John N. Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 2003 Sep Vol 25(3) 255-264.

Recent Collaborators

Robert Levine, Alison Holman, Ilona Boniwell, Kent Harber, Jeff Joireman, Alan Strathman, Anna Sircova, Wessel van Beek

International validation of the ZTPI

France
Validation française de l’échelle de temporalité. / The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI). By Apostolidis, T.; Fieulaine, N. European Review of Applied Psychology/Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée. 2004 Sep Vol 54(3) 207-217.

Academically Talented Adolescents
The reliability and validity of zimbardo time perspective inventory scores in academically talented adolescents. By Worrell, Frank C.; Mello, Zena R. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 2007 Jun Vol 67(3) 487-504

Spain
Estructura factorial y fiabilidad del Inventario de Perspectiva Temporal de Zimbardo. / Factorial structure and reliability of Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. By Díaz-Morales, Juan Francisco Psicothema. 2006 Aug Vol 18(3) 565-571

Mexico
Sustainable Behavior and Time Perspective: Present, Past, and Future Orientations and Their Relationship with Water Conservation Behavior. By Corral-Verdugo, Víctor; Fraijo-Sing, Blanca; Pinheiro, José Q. Revista Interamericana de Psicología. 2006 May-Aug Vol 40(2) 139-147

Italy
Testing Zimbardo’s Stanford TimePerspective Inventory (STPI)– Short Form: An Italian study. By D’Alessio, Marisa; Guarino, Angela; de Pascalis, Vilfredo; Zimbardo, Philip G. Time & Society. 2003 Sep Vol 12(2-3) 333-347